In Malaysia, colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancer occur among men and second most common among women at a prevalence of 13.2 % as reported by Malaysian National Cancer Registry. Colorectal cancer or also known as colon cancer, bowel cancer and rectal cancer. It is a cancer that affects the colon and the rectum. It may be benign, non-cancerous or malignant. A malignant cancer can spread to other parts of the body and damage them.
Colon cancer usually affects older adults though it can happen to anyone at any age. It usually starts as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells called polyps that shaped on the inside of the colon. Eventually, these polyps can become colon cancers.
Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include:
- Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool
- A persistent change in bowel habits, including diarrhea, constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool
- A persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain
- A feeling that your bowel doesn’t empty fully
- Weakness or fatigue
- Unexplained weight loss
Some of the risk factor that might increase the risk of colon cancer include older age, low- fiber diet, a sedentary lifestyle, diabetes, smoking, alcohol, obesity, family history of colorectal cancer, radiation therapy for cancer, having ulcerative colitis and irritable bowel disease.
Colonoscopy screening is an exam used to detect changes or abnormalities happened in the large intestine both colon and rectum. During the procedure, a long, flexible tube (colonoscope) is placed into the rectum. A small video camera at the tip of the tube allows the doctor to view the inside of the whole colon. Any polyps found during the screening can be removed during the procedure, and often times tissue samples or biopsies are taken instead. A colonoscopy is painless, but certain patients are given a mild sedative to cool them down. Before the actual screening, the patients may be given laxative fluid to clean out the colon. Complications are, bleeding and perforation of the colon might occur.
While they are already available treatments made for colon cancer, it is wise that you go for a colon screening check to catch early signs of cancer. Why colonoscopy is done, you may ask.
Colonoscopy helps to identify polyps before they become cancerous, as well as detecting colon cancer during its early stages while the chance to cure it is much higher. It is not clear exactly why colon cancer develops in certain people but not others.
As we care you and your loved one, Beacon Hospital in collaboration with Big Pharmacy, provides a colon screening or colonoscopy at a price of RM1300 only. The offer validity is until 31 / 8 / 2019. Don’t let cancer owns you. Should you have any inquiries or make appointment bookings, please call 016 628 2202 / 018 378 1513 (office hour: Mon to Fri, 830AM – 6PM)Back To Menu List