In Malaysia, nasopharyngeal cancer is the fourth most common cancer and nearly three Malaysians are diagnosed with such disease each day. This cancer is the fourth most common cancer among Chinese, which affects men more than women (Ministry of Health, Management of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma, 2016).
Nose, mouth and throat cancers are more common among men due to male smokers outnumbering female smokers and oral human papillomavirus (HPV) is more frequent in males. Most of the affected people are aged 50 to 70 years old. However, the cancers caused by HPV, which are primarily oropharyngeal cancers, occur more often in younger people. Nose, mouth, and throat cancers are grouped together because of certain similarities which are the type of cancers and the causes. More than 90% of nose, mouth and throat cancers are squamous cell carcinomas where cancer develops in the squamous cells that line the inside of the mouth, nose or throat. Most people who had such cancer has either used tobacco, consumed alcohol or both.
Some cancers inside the mouth do not cause symptoms at first but can be seen or felt by a doctor or dentist during a routine mouth examination. If a person has symptoms, the doctor will use a flexible viewing tube, called an endoscope, to examine the deeper regions in the mouth, nose, and throat. If there are any abnormalities, the diagnosis is made by examining a sample tissue, called a biopsy, from the suspected cancer. Doctors will insert a needle into the growth to get a small amount of tissue or cut out a small piece using a scalpel.
The most common sites of nose, mouth, and throat cancers are:
- The voice box (larynx)
- Inside the mouth (including the tongue, floor of the mouth, and the hard part of the roof of the mouth)
- The middle part of the throat (also called the oropharynx, which includes the back of the wall of mouth, the base of the tongue, the tonsils and the soft part of the roof of the mouth)
The less common sites of nose, mouth, and throat cancers are:
- The hollow spaces located in the bones around the nose (paranasal sinuses)
- The nasal cavity and nasal passages
- The upper throat (nasopharynx)
- The lower part of the throat (hypopharynx)
- The salivary glands
Symptoms vary, depend on where the cancer is located. Common symptoms of nose, mouth, and throat cancer include hoarseness, a lump in the neck, painful open sore or a growth in the mouth, difficulty in swallowing and weight loss. Sometimes red or white patches (erythroplakia or leukoplakia) in the mouth may be the early signs.
In conjunction with Beacon Hospital’s Nose, Mouth and Throat Cancer CSR programme, Beacon Hospital is providing a FREE SCREENING for nose, mouth and throat cancer including the nasal cavity (nose passage from nostrils), paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx (back of the nose), tonsils, tongue, lining of the mouth and throat, vocal cords (voice box), lips thyroid and salivary glands. This screening includes the following:
- Specialist consultation
- Physical examination
- Fibre-optic Nasopharyngoscopy
Terms & Conditions
- This promotion is valid from 15 March 2021 to 31 December 2021.
- This promotion is limited to the first 500 customers only.
- This promotion is open to Malaysian citizens above 21 years old.
- This promotion is valid for self-pay customers only.
- Customers who have not been consulted by any Ear, Nose & Throat specialist in Beacon Hospital are eligible for this promotion.
- Customers who have no previous history of cancer in the same region are eligible for this promotion.
- Beacon Hospital reserves all rights to amend the terms & conditions without prior notice.