卵巢癌是卵巢恶性肿瘤,生产卵子、女性雌激素及孕激素的女性器官。

是西马女性中第四大常见的普遍癌症,根据大马癌症注册局,占据女性癌症案例的5%。

Types of Ovarian Cancer

  • Ovarian epithelial cancer – spread to the lining and organs of the pelvis and abdomen.
  • Germ cell tumors – Tumours may appear in the egg-producing cells of the ovaries.
  • Sex cord-stromal tumours – Develop from the stroma tissue cells that produce the female hormones estrogen and progesterone.
  • Ovarian sarcoma – Develop in the connective tissues of ovarian cells.
  • Krukenberg tumours- Spreads into the ovaries from other organs.
  • Ovarian cysts: Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop inside the ovary.
  • on than bone cancers. Some types of bone cancer occur primarily in children, while others affect mostly adults

病症

像许多其它的癌症,卵巢癌在早期不一定会展现症状。 后期阶段,女性或许会有:

  • 腹胀或压力感
  • 腹腔或盆腔疼痛
  • 频尿
  • 吃得不多
  • 不可解释的增重或是减重
  • 不正常的阴道出血。

阶段

卵巢癌的阶段依据扩散到其它器官或是细胞组织的程度而定。

The stages of ovarian cancer inclusive of:

Stage Sites
I The cancer is confined to the ovaries.
II The cancer is in one or both ovaries and has spread to the pelvic regions.
III The cancer is in one or both ovaries, and cancer has either spread beyond the pelvis to the lining of the abdomen or to the lymph nodes in the back of the abdomen.
IV In the most advanced stage of ovarian cancer, cancer has metastasized to distant sites, such as the inside of the spleen, liver, lungs or other organs outside the abdomen and pelvic region.

诊断

A pelvic examination

First steps in evaluating a patient with a known or suspected diagnosis of ovarian cancer.

超声波

Uses sound waves to create an image of internal organs, including the ovaries, uterus and cervix.

电脑断层扫描 (CT Scan)

Used to help diagnose ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal cancer.

核磁共振成像 (MRI)

可以协助区别出水瘤、实体瘤块以及健康细胞,

Positron emission tomography (PET) scan

is an imaging test that helps reveal how your tissues and organs are functioning. A PET scan uses a radioactive drug (tracer) to show this activity. This scan can sometimes detect disease before it shows up on other imaging tests.

治疗

手术

是主要治疗。这也是疾病分期的方式。卵巢、输卵管、子宫以及子宫颈都会去除。

化疗

通常在所有阶段的卵巢癌手术后进行,以杀死剩余的癌细胞。

Targeted therapy

To block the enzyme poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) from identifying damaged DNA inside cancer cells, PARP inhibitors may stop cancer cells from repairing themselves.

Radiotherapy

Delivery of high dose radiation to kill the cancer cells.

Blog

搜寻医生