The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus. It connects the uterus to the birth canal (vagina), which leads to the outside of the body. It’s located between the bladder and the rectum. Cervical cancer is the 4th most common type of cancer for women worldwide and 3rd leading cause of female cancer in Malaysia.
Malaysia has a population of 11.55 million women ages 15 years and older who are at risk of developing cervical cancer. Current estimates indicate that every year, 1,682 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and 944 women die from the disease (HPV Information Centre, 2018).
In 2018, there was 569,847 in 18,078,957 cases, which is about 3.2% of cases of cervical cancer reported globally (International Agency for Research on Cancer, WHO).
The high mortality rate from cervical cancer could be reduced through prevention, early diagnosis, effective screening and treatments.
Currently, there are vaccines that protect against common cancer-causing types of human papillomavirus and can significantly reduce the risk of cervical cancer. If detected early, the disease is potentially curable.