What is Arthroplasty surgery?
Arthroplasty surgery is a surgical procedure to restore the function of a joint, either by reshaping the bones or replacing it with artificial joint made of metal, plastic or ceramic. The damaged joint is removed during the surgery, and the artificial joint also known as prosthesis is implanted in its place.
The artificial joint is designed to mimic the natural movement of the joint, allowing for improved mobility and reduced pain.
Arthroplasty surgery is commonly used to treat osteoarthritis, with others like osteonecrosis, joint injuries and other conditions that cause pain, stiffness and limited mobility.
Knee and hip replacements are the most common types of arthroplasty performed. Sometimes, arthroplasty is performed for shoulders, elbows and ankles too.
With the modern medical advances, surgeons perform arthroplasty surgery using minimally invasive technique. This technique uses fewer incisions and hence faster recovery time.
The success of the surgery depends on many factors, including the patient’s overall health, the type of joint being replaced and the skill of the surgeon.
After the surgery, patients will typically undergo physical therapy to regain strength and mobility in the affected joint. With proper care and rehabilitation, most patients are able to return to normal activities within a few months after arthroplasty surgery.
Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon
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