What is haematology?
Haematology is involved in the extensive research, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic system diseases. As such, haemotologists carry with them the specialised knowledge to deal with an array of complex issues related to the blood, blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, blood vessels, bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and the proteins that aid in blood clotting. The health and life of the human body depends vitally on these components, as they play many essential roles in the bodily functions, such as transporting nutrients and oxygen to all of our body parts as well as protecting our body against infection.
Disorders and cancers of the blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic system could lead to very adverse health effects and therefore, require very delicate, highly skilled, and efficient medical procedure. At Beacon Hospital, we have an elite team of haematologists at the top of their field. It is a department with up-to-date research and innovation at its core, so as to deliver the latest, state-of-the-art treatment for every haematologic disease out there.
Conditions commonly treated by haematologists
If you are at risk of or currently suffering from conditions involving your blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic system, it is best to see a haematologist immediately for prompt, relevant, and quality medical care and support.
Common conditions treated by haematologists:
- Leukaemia, cancer of white blood cells
- Anaemia, a condition characterised by the lack of red blood cells
- Thalassaemia, where the body’s ability to produce healthy red blood cells is impaired
- Lymphoma, cancer of the lymphatic system
- Myeloma, cancer of the plasma cells
- Hemophilia, a bleeding disorder
- Venous Thromboembolism – blood clotting disorder
- Bone marrow failure syndrome
Haematology is a subspecialized unit that provides patient care related to haematology and haemato-oncological disorders in a patient – blood diseases and cancer.
Scope of service
This specialty consists of consultants who specialise in haematology, haemato – oncological disorders and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and are directed to diseases such as:
- Multiple Myeloma and other plasma cell disorders
- Acute and chronic leukaemias
- Myeloproliferative neoplasms
- Bleeding and clotting disorders
- Inherited or acquired anaemias
- Platelet disorders
Our haematologists work closely with hematopathologists, histopathologists, blood bank and transfusion medicine specialists, radiologists, oncologists and other subspecialties in internal medicine and surgeons to provide comprehensive treatment care for our patients.
Some of the services provided include:
- Diagnostic and staging with bone marrow aspirate and trephine biopsy for haematological disorders, and in some cases to assess patient’s response to chemotherapy.
- Intravenous and Intrathecal Chemotherapy are provided to inpatients and outpatients, with conditions related to haematological malignancies. Sometimes other therapies such as immunotherapy and targeted therapy might be required, subject to patient’s pathological criteria and oncologist expert advise.
- Transfusion of blood products is provided to both inpatients and outpatients.
- Harvesting stem cells from autologous or Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are performed for a patient with haematological malignancies.