Kidneys & bladder are the major organs of the urinary tract, along with the ureters and urethra. The kidneys main function is to filter blood to remove impurities, excess minerals, salts, and water, thus producing urine. Urine is then stored in the bladder – a hollow organ in the pelvis – before it leaves the body during urination.
Cancer in the kidney is also known as renal cancer. The most common type of kidney cancer is renal cell carcinoma (RCC) which develops in the proximal renal tubules that make up of the kidney’s filtration system. According to the National Cancer Registry Report 2007-2011, kidney cancer accounts for 1.28% cancer cases in Malaysia.